To my journey across Russia by train we passed through numerous tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed one thing strange at each and every one.

To my journey across Russia by train we passed through numerous tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed one thing strange at each and every one.

High barbed cable fences preventing access beneath each major bridge.

And guard homes at each tunnel portal.

I ran across A russian railfan forum, where in fact the reason behind these protection measures was mentioned.

VeschiiOleg had written: as an example, the method of any severe connection is enclosed by a area of alienation with barbed cable, indications and armed guards.

Vlad wrote: We photograph the railway connection, as an example. The ВОХРовец is approaching us and politely is interested, but about what basis have you been using these pictures?

VeschiiOleg published: ВОХРовец, in accordance with the statute regarding the guard service they don’t have legal rights to leave the center, those due to the territory he must not keep. But to call the police – easily. And if in the fence, you will find inscriptions concerning the prohibition of filming, chances are they will likely be appropriate.

What exactly would be the ВОХРовец? It’s an abbreviation for Военизированная охрана – also known as Ведомственная охрана, Russian-language Wikipedia defines them because:

Specialised state departmental units that are armed for protecting structures, structures, cars, and cargo from illegal assaults. They usually have the proper to utilize army and solution firearms, along with solution dogs, handcuffs, plastic batons, and strips that are spike to quit cars. Officials of state protection that is departmental by federal state systems) have actually the proper to set up protocols on administrative offences, carry out individual queries, examine products belonging to individuals, inspect automobiles and other procedural actions founded because of the Code of Administrative Offences associated with the Russian Federation.

The Railways that is russian are by the «Ведомственная охрана железнодорожного транспорта Российской Федерации» (Departmental safety provider of Railway Transport regarding the Russian Federation) – who describe on their own as a result:

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection regarding the Federal Agency for Railway Transport” carries out its tasks in line with the Resolution of this federal Government for the Russian Federation of June 27, 2009, No. 540 “On Approval of this legislation on Departmental Protection regarding the Federal Agency for Railway Transport.”

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of Railway Transport regarding the Russian Federation” for pretty much 90 years has ensured the security regarding the cargo being transported, the protection of items together with fire security of railway transportation within the passions regarding the continuing state, residents together with business “RZhD” all across the metal highways from Kaliningrad to Sakhalin.

Today the protection that is departmental of railway transportation has 68,000 workers, with more than 2400 things of railway infrastructure protected, including significantly more than 1900 most critical people.

A lot more than 400 fire inspectors carry out fire prevention at fixed facilities and rolling stock. In constant readiness for action are 307 fire trains, including 67 specialised, with an increase of tactical abilities to expel emergencies with dangerous items.

In addition they flaunt their work protecting major bridges.

As well as railway tunnels.

So just why are such substantial protection measures set up?

Somebody on a railway that is russian asked similar concern, and received different explanations:

Kirill N.Kravchenko the known undeniable fact that the railway bridges are incredibly greatly guarded is understandable, no one doubts that is necessary. But I’ve constantly wondered: exactly why are car bridges not very zealously protected?

Victor Mikhailov in case of any sort of accident regarding the train such as for instance connection collapse, the results is going to be a whole lot more significant when compared with a road connection. Any vehicle could have time for you to stop seeing ahead regarding the barrier. In addition road bridges are a lot more many than rail connection, so it will be impractical to protect most of the bridges (finding many guards).

Novikov S.V. it’s easier for road cars to get a detour, or engineering troops can erect a temporary pontoon connection. Blowing up a railway connection means paralysis that is complete of path before the connection is wholly restored.

Sura I understand that people are dealing with “big” unique bridges. Standard railway bridge throughout the river that is small be restored in an exceedingly short room from pre-prepared sets. Really, that’s why they may not be protected.

But this article that is russian-language Евразия Вести suggests a more most likely reason – Soviet-era paranoia.

After the October Revolution railway facilities of strategic value had been underneath the security of this armed forces department; security of “external purchase, deanery and general general general public protection” ended up being performed by areas of the railway guard as well as the authorities. Cargoes, home and means had been beneath the proper care of watchmen, who had been in complete subordination to those whoever good that they had protected.

The protection of railways and the increase http://eliteessaywriters.com/write-my-paper/ of their efficiency” in order to strengthen the leadership, in March 1918 a special decree was adopted “On the centralisation of management. By the decree associated with federal government of July 17 of the identical 12 months, underneath the People’s Commissariat of Railways (NKPS), work of Protection had been founded.

The squad on the floor included transportation specialists. They fought decisively against stowaways and the ones whom attempted to transport products without re payment, as well as monitoring the effectiveness of rolling stock usage. It had been envisaged to improve the quantity of security staff to 70 thousand people.

The authorities could not tolerate chaos and theft in the railways. Looters slice the telegraph cables. Profiteers swarmed trains, like locusts. Concealed had been robbers, bandits along with other element that is criminal.

The NKPS ended up being obligated to simply take extreme measures. During the stations, warehouses, warehouses temporarily formed non-military protection. In terms of bridges as well as other structures maybe maybe perhaps not guarded by troops, along with railway songs, they went beneath the tutelage of regional authorities, which formed out of brigade workers.

Some propaganda that is few

A video clip through the Voronezh branch to mark 95 many years of railway guards, whom protect the Southern Eastern Railway.

And through the Samara branch, whom protect the railway connection on the Volga River in the Kuybyshev Railway.

Footnote

Ministry of Railways for the USSR directive No-298y «Типовые решения по оборудованию инженерными средствами охраны на искусственных сооружениях, охраняемых военизированной охраной МПС» (Typical solutions for equipping engineering facilities for security on man-made structures protected by paramilitary protection associated with Ministry of Railways) dated 2 February 1990 details the fencing criteria around limited areas.

According to clause 2.1.1, the boundaries regarding the area that is restricted protected by way of a barbed cable fence (tape or inter inter net) in 12 threads 2 m high. Within the surface, they’ve been designated by indicators 2 m high above the floor surface, installed over the fence line through the inside through every 50 meters within the enclosure regarding the area that is restricted be arranged gates and wickets. Prior to clause 2.2.3, from the view posts, led (rotary) floodlights of this PFS type (without contacts) or other narrow-beam floodlights are created to raise the equipping for the surface away from area that is restricted. According to paragraph 4.1, articles when it comes to security of synthetic structures.

As the «По организации работы караулов ФГП ВО ЖДТ РФ» (process of organising the actions of Departmental protection provider of Railway Transport associated with Federation that is russian 21 September 2010 specifies one other protection features needed.

Based on clause 2.4.1 regarding the manual a security system is done to present security for the object that is protected which include: guard, articles, sales, locations and paths, surveillance sectors, engineering and technical way of security, articles of solution dogs, means and other forces. Gear posts should give you the guard: an adequate summary of all chapters of the post additionally the area that is surrounding adequate lighting regarding the ways to the thing, its most crucial points; lack of illumination (blinding) by lighting systems of safety gear and guards; the alternative of centralised handling of the complete illumination system or a team of fixtures, as well as in necessary instances, split lights (projectors).

Equipment of limited areas includes: their fencing, checkpoint, warning signs, indicative and delimiting indications, a security illumination system, technical protection gear, postal interaction and signalling, guard articles, protective structures. With regards to the nature regarding the object as well as the conditions of their location, the fence is made round the border associated with web web site therefore the boundaries of this limited areas. Whenever erecting a fence, it must be taken into consideration so it needs to be rectilinear, without unneeded bends observation that is limiting for around one . 5 meters in height. To it ought not to adjoin any structures. Within the darkness for the day, the ways to the post therefore the protected item should always be illuminated so the sentry, being regarding the post or going across the site for the post, was at the color. Prior to the established procedure, safety illumination should offer lighting during the edges.

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